A birthstone is a gemstone that symbolizes the month of someones birth. Each birthstone has a unique meaning and historical significance. The popularity of birthstones dates back to ancient times when it was believed that gemstones bring luck, health and prosperity. There are numerous legends about healing powers and therapeutic influence of birthstones. In today’s culture, each birthstone carries special characteristics that are believed to be “inherited” by its wearer.

January: Garnet

Garnet, the birthstone for January, is associated with strength, prosperity and health. This stone also represents faith, love and constancy. Most garnets are in red color which leads to belief that all garnets are red, but this gem comes in a rainbow of colors: from the deep red of Pyrope Garnet to the vibrant green of African Tsavorite. Garnets have been carried by travelers to protect them from accidents far away from home. Legend says that garnets light up the night and protect their owners from nightmares. Its wearers may feel an increase in will power, while nervous people may feel calmer.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - January - Garnet

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February: Amethyst

Amethyst, February’s birthstone, is said to strengthen relationships and give its wearer courage. It symbolizes peace, serenity, temperance and royalty. Amethyst is purple quartz, a beautiful mixture of violet and red that can be found in every corner of the earth. Ancient Greeks believed that the amethyst guarded against intoxication. In fact, amethyst comes from amethystos, a Greek word meaning “sober”. It is also believed that amethyst will keep its wearer clear-headed and quick-witted.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - February - Amethyst

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March: Aquamarine

Birthstone for March is aquamarine. Its name is derived from the Latin word aqua, meaning water and marina, meaning the sea. Aquamarines are found in a range of blue tones: from a pale pastel and greenish-blue to the deep blue color. This timeless gemstone is a symbol of youth, hope, health and fidelity. It is also associated with beauty, honesty and happiness. It is said that aquamarine personifies eternal life, since it’s in the color of water and sky. The serene color of aquamarine is also said to cool the temper, allowing the wearer to remain calm and levelheaded. Sailors believed the sea god Neptune blessed this stone, protecting its wearers from the dangers of the sea.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - March - Aquamarine

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April: Diamond

April’s birthstone, the diamond, symbolizes affection, strength, eternity and of course – everlasting love. Diamonds can be in nearly any color of the rainbow. Yellow diamonds are most common, followed by colorless. Diamonds have a long history of folklore: some legends say diamonds were created when bolts of lightning struck rocks. Other legends claim that this gem possess healing powers. It was believed that diamonds can guard you from insanity and the evils associated with it. In addition to being a symbol of everlasting love, it was also believed that diamonds bring courage.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - April - Diamond

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May: Emerald

Birthstone for May, the emerald, is believed to give its owner good fortune, foresight and youth. This stone is also associated with fertility, rebirth and love. The Ancient Romans dedicated this gem to Venus, the goddess of love and beauty. Emerald was also one of Cleopatra’s favorite gems. Today, emerald represents wisdom, growth and patience. It is believed that wearing the emerald will improve memory and enhance mental capabilities.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - May - Emerald

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June: Pearl

June’s birthstone, the pearl, is a symbol of purity, innocence and chastity. Pearls are unique as they are the only gems from living sea creatures. They require no polishing of faceting to reveal their natural beauty. Ancient Greeks believed that pearls were the hardened tears of joy from Aphrodite, the goddess of love. Chinese legends claim that the moon holds power to create pearls, giving them its celestial glow and mystery. Some of the properties that pearls are associated with are loyalty, faithfulness and friendship. They are also associated with the values of modesty, beauty and happiness.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - June - Pearl

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July: Ruby

July’s birthstone, the ruby, represents love, passion, courage and emotion. Rubies are available in a range of red tones: from purplish and bluish red to orange-red. For centuries this gem was considered to be the king of all gems. Old legends claimed that ruby represents the sun, because of the inextinguishable flame that this gem emanates. This stone of nobility is a talisman of protection and prosperity. It is believed that wearing a ruby gives good fortune, health, wisdom, wealth and success in love to its owner. It is also believed that ruby will protect its wearer from the evils of the world.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - July - Ruby

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August: Peridot

Peridot, the birthstone for August, signifies beauty, strength and morality. Peridot is one of the few gemstones that exists in only one color: green. In ancient times it was believed that peridot was a gift from Mother Nature to celebrate the annual creation of a new world. In Hawaii, peridot symbolizes the tears of Pele, the goddess of fire and volcanoes. Peridot is said to have magical powers and healing properties. It is also said that peridot will protect its wearer from depression, evil and nightmares.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - August - Peridot

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September: Sapphire

September’s birthstone, the sapphire, represents a promise of honesty, purity and trust. This stone also symbolizes wisdom, dignity and loyalty. Sapphires are not only blue, they come in almost every color of the rainbow: pink, yellow, orange and violet. But, when hearing the word sapphire many people immediately envision a blue gemstone – because the word sapphire is Greek for blue. According to folklore, this gem symbolizes heaven and it will attract heavenly blessings. It is also believed that sapphire will guard you from evil and poisoning and protect your loved ones from envy and harm.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - September - Sapphire

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October: Opal

October’s birthstone, the opal, is associated with hope, faith and confidence. Opals range in color from milky white to black with flares of yellow, orange, green, red and blue. Each opal is one-of-a-kind: they are as unique as our fingerprints. The word comes from the Latin opalus, meaning “precious jewel”. In ancient times, the opal was known as the “Queen of Gems” because it had the colors of all other gems. It is believed that this stone will guard its wearer from evil and also from envious, mal-intentioned people who try to bring negativity into your life.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - October - Opal

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November: Topaz

November’s birthstone, the topaz, is associated with the values of strength, wisdom, and courage. It also symbolizes love and affection. Topaz is a gemstone available in a rich rainbow of colors: yellow, pink, purple, orange and blue. Ancient Egyptians and Romans associated this gem with the sun god. Legend says that topaz has the power to protect and heal. It is also believed that topaz will give its wearer increased strength and intellect.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - November - Topaz

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December: Turquoise

December’s birthstone, turquoise, is a symbol of good fortune and success. Turquoise varies in color from greenish blue to sky blue shades. Its name derivates from the French expression Pierre tourques which means “Turkish stone”. Turquoise is one of the oldest known gemstones. This gemstone is regarded as a love charm. It is also believed that turquoise has healing powers, that it will bring good luck and protect its owner from evil and harm.

Birthstones and Their Meanings - December - Turquoise

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*Be sure to check Birth Month Flowers.